Smashmouth: Two Years in the Gutter
with Al Gore and George Bush
By Dana Milbank
377 pages, $26
Down & Dirty: The Plot To Steal the Presidency
By Jake Tapper
514 pages, $24.95
My friend Mike Butkus is a precinct captain on Chicago's Northwest
Side. He's been in the political game since the '70s, when Old Man
Daley ran the city, so he's seen some dirty campaigns. But last
fall's presidential election, he told me one night as we were shooting
darts, "was the biggest rip-off in the history of the world. Al
Gore got totally jagged."
Every time I see him, Mike is carping about George W. Bush. "He's
an idiot." "He's a jag-off from Texas." "He's gonna fuck over Chicago."
When we had lunch together right after St. Patrick's Day, Mike not
only brought his grievances, he brought two brand-new books.
"What's this?" I said, as we slid into a window booth at Kevin's
Hot Dog Heaven. "I've
never even seen you with one book."
"First two books about the election." Mike rapped the covers with
"I read 'em both over the weekend. Couldn't stop. My kids were
tryin' to get me to watch the NCAAs, and I said, 'Get outta my face.
I'm readin'.' Finally, they pushed my chair out of the room so they
could watch TV. I just kept goin'."
Mike thinks I'm a liberal goo-goo because I put Adlai Stevenson
and Eugene McCarthy in my pantheon of Democratic heroes. He says
those guys were losers compared to real politicians like LBJ and
the Old Man.
"If you wanna understand what politics is really about, take these
books home and read 'em," he insisted.
the campaign diary of Washington Post gadabout Dana Milbank,
tries to persuade us that politics is war by other means. The best
campaigns are eye-gouging, groin-kicking, sand-in-the face brawls:
"In the smashmouth world of politics, if you don't differentiate
yourself and say what's wrong with the other guy, you aren't going
For decades, the Democrats nominated milk-and-water liberals who
went out onto the stump and apologized for everything the party
stood for. In Al Gore, they had a candidate who was willing to play
dirty. He once vowed to "rip the lungs out" of anyone who stood
between him and the presidency. That doesn't sound like a Michael
Dukakis soundbite. Early in the campaign, Gore stole a Republican
tactic, and hammered Bush not only for what he believed, but for
who he was, and where he came from. His campaign strategy was to
portray Texas as "a polluted, illiterate, gun-toting backwater."
Meanwhile, on the Republican side, Bush was trying hard not to
come off as a meanie. Bush campaigned from the middle of the road,
but nobody--Milbank included--seemed to notice that all his buddies
were standing on the right-hand shoulder. Even though Smashmouth
has a 2001 copyright date, it includes nuggets like "there are many
reasons for liberals to like some of Bush's ideas," and "for conservatives,
these are not the best of times. The only serious candidates are
George W. Bush and John McCain, both of whom are running as moderates."
You'd think this would make the book obsolete already, but future
candidates could use it as a manual on How to Succeed In Politics
By Really, Really Lying.
Nowadays, one of the difficulties of writing a campaign book is
telling us something
we haven't already seen on television. Milbank found it difficult
to get close to the main characters--Bush and Gore were both like
the Great Oz, meant to be seen only as awesome figures on giant screens--so
he fills his book with cute stories involving third-string aides and
candidates. Gore spokesman Chris Lehane was a wacky prankster who
once put a zucchini in another campaign staffer's briefcase, while
campaign scheduler Lisa Berg was suspected of spending too much time
in the bathroom. Since Bush won't give him an interview, in the primaries
Milbank goes on the road with Sen. Orrin Hatch, one of the Republican
"irrelevancies," and reports that the poor man's conservative is eating
at Wendy's, Taco Bell and Burger King. ("Junk food really does appeal
to me," Hatch chirps bravely.)
Once the Nice Guys were eliminated, it turned out that the Democrats
showed a darker side than the Republicans. The Republican convention
was like an Up With People! concert, but the Democrats brought in
Bill Daley, the Old Man's son, who sounds like the stoic, murderous
Victor the Cleaner from La Femme Nikita. Mike's kind of guy. "He
got his doctorate in politics in Chicago," says Chuck Campion, a
Democratic consultant and friend of Daley's. "Most politics is Cub
Scouts. They're Hell's Angels."
As bad as he wanted to be, Gore couldn't do any better than a
tie in the election. Milbank thinks it's because the vice president
turned into a softie after his obnoxious, shut-up-while-I'm-trying-to-talk
performance in the first debate. He cites a poll that shows most
voters thought Gore was more unfair in the debate, but also that
he was more effective. Americans love bad boys. "In the second debate,
when Gore heeded advisers and pundits and toned down his attacks,
his performance was far worse," Milbank writes. "The neutered Gore
still hasn't recovered on the eve of the election."
The real campaign, where power-hungry nastiness was all
that mattered, occurred in Florida, after the voting was done. In
and Dirty, Salon.com correspondent Jake Tapper makes both
parties sound like looters scuffling over a television set. The
election in Florida was so close, the public's verdict so ambiguous,
that either guy could have won if the ballots had been counted the
"right" way. (The Miami Herald recounts prove that. The Bush-Gore
election turned out to be like a hypertext novel, with several alternate
endings.) This was where the Democrats reverted to the wimpiness
they perfected in the '70s and '80s.
The Republicans had two big advantages during the recount: the
country club faction's sense of entitlement, and the yahoo wing's
conviction that God had enlisted them in a jihad to make George
W. Bush president. As soon as Faux News election director John Ellis
ordered his network to call Florida for his cousin George, "the
Bushies have decided on one message: Bush won, and everything that
happens from this moment on is crazy, illegitimate, Gore-propelled
That scorn was personified by Bush's recount "general," James Baker,
who projected the intolerant wrath of a 16th-century Spanish cardinal.
After the Florida Supreme Court decided to allow Gore's hand recounts
to continue, "Baker and his crew are livid," Tapper writes. "They
are, after all, the types who are used to getting their way. They've
been getting their way their entire lives."
From the very beginning, Bill Daley was "pessimistic" about Gore's
Republicans never stole an election in Chicago, so how could the Democrats
do it in Florida, a.k.a. the "Jeberglades"? Gore couldn't even get
good lawyers: All the big firms were afraid of Bush's little brother.
Tapper calls the Republicans "hypocrites" for opposing hand recounts,
but he forgives them, because, after all, they were just trying to
win an election. And Gore was being just as hypocritical by trying
to recount four Democratic counties, then going on TV to insist "we
must count every vote."
By the end, Tapper concludes that the battle for Florida had nothing
to do with fairness, or democracy, or the Constitution. It was "a
war between thieves," with one principle: power. And power goes
to the most ruthless. While Gore was appearing on TV to smilingly
beg for patience, Bush's people were cheating shamelessly. Tapper
includes an entire chapter on a Bush plan to persuade white servicemen
to vote after the election. He never proves it happened, but he
notes that a suspicious surge of ballots arrived a week after November
7. The Democrats, still scarred by their Cold War-era image as unpatriotic
pinkos, backed down on their attempt to challenge the votes. "The
Gorebies are gun-shy, wimpy," Tapper writes, "while the Bushies
are hungrier, more willing to do anything they can to win."
As soon as I turned the last page of Down and Dirty, I called
up Mike. I was shaken. I couldn't believe such things could happen
in a democracy, I told him. "The American people don't like dishonest
elections," I said. "I'm sure there will be a backlash against the
Republicans once the public reads this book." "Remember the backlash
against Kennedy after the Old Man helped him steal the presidency?
Remember when LBJ cheated his way into the Senate, how much it hurt
his career?" Mike asked. "Have you seen any riots against Bush?"
"Well, there have been some demonstrations ..."
"You think he cares? Last I looked, 60 percent of the country thought
he was a good guy."
"I guess everybody loves a winner," I said.
"You got it!" Mike bellowed into my ear. "You finally got it! I'm
gonna introduce you to the ward committeeman."
Mike's going to start me off slowly in real-life politics. Next
year, we may go out to the Republican neighborhoods around O'Hare
Airport and write "overflowing garbage" tickets for people with
the wrong yard signs. If I do a good job, he promises me, someday
I can help steal an election.
Robert McClelland recently joined his ward's Regular