Wednesday, Jul 29, 2015, 3:51 pm
For New York Times, U.S. Labor Abuses At Home and Abroad Are a Thing of Decades Past
Does foreign investment make the U.S. economy more vulnerable?
Apparently the New York Times believes it does. A lengthy article on the growth of Chinese foreign investment told readers:
But the show of financial strength [foreign investment by China] also makes China—and the world—more vulnerable. Long an engine of global growth, China is taking on new risks by exposing itself to shaky political regimes, volatile emerging markets and other economic forces beyond its control.
Any major problems could weigh on China’s growth, particularly at a time when it is already slowing.
Usually investing in other countries is thought to both increase returns to the country doing the investment and diversify risks, since it is unlikely that foreign countries will be subject to the same problems that may be hitting China (or the U.S.) at the same time. It is interesting that the New York Times seems to hold the opposite perspective.
The piece seems to imply that China is unusual in the demands it makes on the countries in which it invests:
China is forcing countries to play by its financial rules, which can be onerous. Many developing countries, in exchange for loans, pay steep interest rates and give up the rights to their natural resources for years. China has a lock on close to 90 percent of Ecuador’s oil exports, which mostly goes to paying off its loans.
The United States took the lead in establishing the International Monetary Fund, which often acts as its agent in disputes. For example, in the East Asian financial crisis, the IMF imposed very detailed programs on the countries of the region, which set tax and spending schedules, changed regulations throughout the economy and required the privatization of various industries. The conditions placed by China on the countries in which it invests may be different, but they are not without precedent.
The piece also bizarrely implies that labor abuses by U.S. companies or their contractors are a thing of the past, telling readers:
Chinese mining and manufacturing operations, like many American and European companies in previous decades, have been accused of abusing workers overseas.
Of course there are many places in the world, most notably Bangladesh and Cambodia, where there are regular reports of workers, often children, working long hours in dangerous conditions to make goods under contract with U.S. corporations. Sometimes these workers are held against their will and have their pay stolen by their employers. This is an ongoing problem, not a historical concern.
In discussing the new Chinese infrastructure bank, the piece tells readers:
Washington is worried that China will create its own rules, with lower expectations for transparency, governance and the environment.
It would be helpful to know who in Washington says they are worried about these issues. Presumably all of Washington does not have these concerns. Also, just because politicians say these are their concerns, it doesn’t mean they are their actual concerns. For example, it may just be possible they fear competition from a Chinese investment bank.
A version of this post originally appeared on CEPR’s blog Beat the Press.
What do you want to see from our coverage of the 2020 presidential candidates?
As our editorial team maps our plan for how to cover the 2020 Democratic primary, we want to hear from you:
It only takes a minute to answer this short, three-question survey, but your input will help shape our coverage for months to come. That’s why we want to make sure you have a chance to share your thoughts.
Dean Baker is co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research and co-author of Social Security: The Phony Crisis (University of Chicago Press, 2000).
More by Dean Baker
- How the New York Times’ Budget Coverage Keeps the Public in the Dark
- What the New York Times Gets Wrong About the Davos Man
- New York Times Invents Left-Leaning Economists to Attack Bernie Sanders
- The New Yorker’s Blind Shooting at Bernie Sanders
- The New Yorker Wants You To Be Afraid of the Labour Party’s Jeremy Corbyn—Very Afraid