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Why Democrats Got Shellacked
And how they can emerge from the country’s new political stalemate.
Despite much vitriol toward Obama from the right, the vote was neither a clear referendum on Obama nor an endorsement of Republicans.
Tuesday’s election results provide endless occasions for progressive wailing and gnashing of teeth. It was bad enough that the Democrats lost the House–and lost it in the biggest turnover since 1938, but there were also tragic losses of good political leaders in specific races, such as the defeat of iconoclastic, independent Russ Feingold in Wisconsin or a less well-known champion for working-class families, Rep. Phil Hare from western Illinois. The list of progressive losses, unfortunately, goes on, even if conservative Blue Dog Democrats disproportionately suffered defeat.
But the broad consequences are even more worrisome: Now the country faces a political crisis–a stalemate or worse, a capitulation by Democrats to Republican initiatives–that threatens to extend and deepen the current economic crisis. In the last Congress, Republican intransigence, Democratic disunity and administration timidity–combined with a naive quest for Republican cooperation–limited the federal response to the crisis. But the ultimate modest plan–expensive as it seemed to many voters or “socialistic” to Tea Party zealots–did not deliver enough stimulus fast enough for many Americans to feel the effects, costing Democrats many votes.
Now not only will it be difficult for the government to provide fiscal and policy stimulus, Republicans will also be pushing for a new austerity likely to undercut the recovery and job creation and both threaten the country’s already meager social welfare system and the future earnings of most workers.
At this point, after taking a thumping, the gracious losing politician says, “The people have spoken.” But more than usual, the appropriate rejoinder is, “Maybe so, but what did they say? And what does that say, if anything, about the country’s political direction for the next two years?”
First, as everyone acknowledges, the party of an incumbent president typically loses some ground in midterm elections and also loses when unemployment is high. There’s also disproportionate fall-off in voting in midterms, which particularly depresses votes of some groups crucial for Democrats, like young people or minorities. Combined, the effect was devastating. Add to that the increasingly strong Republican preference among older voters, a loss of typically stronger support for Democrats among women and a strong shift to Republicans among independents.
Despite much vitriol toward Obama from the right, the vote was neither a clear referendum on Obama nor an endorsement of Republicans (who were viewed as negatively as Democrats).
The economy, not surprisingly, was by far voters’ main issue, according to exit polls, and many people just voted for “change,” this time with fear more than hope. Ironically, voters from the 31 percent of households where someone had lost a job slightly favored Democrats, while the half of voters who said they were “very worried” voted 70 to 28 for Republicans.
Many voters obviously felt deep concern about how well Obama’s policies created jobs. A Hart Research survey for the AFL-CIO of swing congressional district voters showed only about 30 percent of voters thought Democrats had a clear plan for the economy, but only 35 percent thought the Republicans had an alternative.
Particularly when their effects weren’t clear, voters also worried about other aspects of the policies. With widespread public misunderstanding of deficits, the price tag of the bailouts seemed scary and they seemed to save banks and corporations–with few consequences for most executives–not help average working Americans. Also, all “stimulus” and “bailout” activity, even that initiated by Bush, was conflated.
On top of that, the administration did not explain what it was doing effectively or deliver a populist message or policy flourishes, such as removal and some form of discipline for executives. And some policies–particularly on foreclosures, but also on bank regulation and healthcare–were themselves ineffective and deferential to banks and big corporations.
So in addition to the effects of business and political cycles, the Democratic “shellacking,” as Obama called it, resulted in part from their own shortcomings in policy and political communication, as well as Republican misrepresentation and diehard opposition.
Republicans see a mandate now, in the words of Rep. Mike Pence of Indiana, to “undo” everything Obama has done. But by attacking any trace of social democracy or common decency, they’re not likely to get anything done. But polling–from the Hart Research exit poll as well as a September Project Vote survey, as well as much other opinion research–shows that significant majorities of Americans do want an active, problem-solving federal government that provides economic security, consumer protection and much more, even if they don’t always want to pay for it. And even when they vote Republican, they don’t necessarily support the party’s positions: The Hart swing district polling, for example, found that only from 12 to 34 percent of all voters supported key planks of the Republican or Tea Party agenda.
What a majority of voters do want, as veteran consultant Vic Fingerhut argues, is for the Democrats to live up to their main and most effective historic claim on voters’ support–to stand up for the interests of working people against big business and the rich.
As Obama and remaining congressional Democrats figure out their strategy, they should keep that in mind. They face an ideological right, corporate interests and a bloc of voters hostile to all taxes and to “big government,” but even many voters who cast votes against them–or stayed home–do not agree with the Republican attempts to “undo” the progressive role of government.
Even amidst this year’s electoral wreckage there’s a path to a renewed majority–not by letting the GOP set the agenda and seeking compromise, but by more clearly acting as the champion of working- and middle-class families.
David Moberg, a senior editor of In These Times, has been on the staff of the magazine since it began publishing in 1976. Before joining In These Times, he completed his work for a Ph.D. in anthropology at the University of Chicago and worked for Newsweek. He has received fellowships from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Nation Institute for research on the new global economy. He can be reached at email@example.com.