In his 1944 State of the Union Address, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt noted that while the Constitution guaranteed a set of political rights, they were in some respects inadequate. To ensure equality, Roosevelt proposed an Economic Bill of Rights that would guarantee full employment with adequate income; freedom from unfair competition; adequate housing, health care, and education; Social Security; and fair incomes for farmers.
Many items from the Economic Bill of Rights have emerged in the 2020 presidential campaigns, such as the call for free post-secondary education, affordable housing, anti-trust enforcement, Medicare for all, and a living wage. Yet, only Sens. Elizabeth Warren (D‑Mass.) and Bernie Sanders (I‑Vt.) have expressed their support for rural people by endorsing a “Farmers Bill of Rights.”
Basically, the Farmers Bill of Rights aims to break the stranglehold of the big agri-corporations, stop the wave of farm consolidation and re-empower the small, family farmers who actually work the land.
Besides a fair income, the Farmers Bill of Rights seeks to guarantee farmers fair and open markets that are not dominated by a handful of corporations. It promotes access to local supply stores, mechanics, and processing facilities. The proposal intends to assure the provision of credit to women, beginning, immigrant and minority farmers, while pushing for reasonable environmental standards for all rural people. Moreover, the proposition includes the right to transparent and accurate enforcement of production practices, including organic and country of origin labeling, as well as the right to repair our own equipment rather than being forced to pay corporations that feel they still “own” the rights to what we purchase.
Why do we need a Farmers Bill of Rights now? Rural people are entitled to the right to live in healthy, vigorous communities that have quality schools, medical care, and opportunities for all. And farmers and consumers used to enjoy legal protections. The Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921, which became part of the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) in 1994, was previously known as the Farmers and Ranchers Bill of Rights. Protection from the predatory practices of the highly consolidated meat packing industry was sorely needed back in 1921 as it is today.
Yet, in 2017, the Trump administration decided not to finalize the Farmer Fair Practice Rules within GIPSA. The rules clarify what counts as fair trade practices, which helps farmers and ranchers understand their rights in the marketplace and impedes corporate overreach. To make matters worse, GIPSA was then absorbed within the Agricultural Marketing Service, whose mission is more oriented to protecting the interests of corporate agribusiness than those of family farmers.
While corporate agribusiness continues to consolidate, with little more than a wink and a nod from government regulators, farmers must take the price offered in the marketplace. Now, unlike 1921, the marketplace is a global one that pits farmers against farmers worldwide. Buyers pay as little as possible, driving down the prices that farmers receive. According to the National Farmers Union (NFU), farmers earn less than $.15 of every food dollar. As incomes have slumped over the last few years, input costs have increased for feed, seed, fertilizer, fuel and machinery. This consolidation squeezes farmers and consumers alike because even in supermarkets with seemingly thousands of brands on the shelf the reality is most are owned by a handful of corporations. In short, marketing choice for farmers and shopping choice for consumers have become little more than illusion. And Trump’s tariffs on imports from our trading partners and their retaliatory tariffs on our agricultural exports have caused even more pain in rural America.
So, in addition to all the parts of Roosevelt’s Economic Bill of Rights that are currently receiving attention, those of us in farm country are in desperate need for a Farmers Bill of Rights.
Kudos to Sens. Warren and Sanders for endorsing the Farmers Bill of Rights. To the other candidates: When will you get on board and come up with some serious farm policy discussion, some real solutions to the ongoing devastation of rural America?